Law and Justice party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Poland's most powerful politician, sued Walesa for blaming him on social media for the 2010 plane crash in Smolensk, Russia that killed President Lech Kaczynski, Kaczynski's twin brother, and 95 others.
The Gdansk Provincial Court in December ruled Walesa had made "heavy accusations" without evidence to back them up and ordered him to apologize to Kaczynski on the radio, in a personal letter and other formats. The provincial court rejected a demand for Walesa to pay 30,000 zlotys ($8,000) to a charity.
Both men appealed. Walesa said he also would appeal Monday's decision to Poland's Supreme Court and "if need be," to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.
In one of the disputed posts written during 2015-2017, Walesa alleged that Kaczynski was "guided by bravado" and during a phone conversation with his traveling brother pushed for the plane to land at the poorly equipped Smolensk airport despite heavy fog.
Kaczynski blames the crash on Poland's government at the time, which was led by another foe, current European Council president Donald Tusk, alleging it neglected the president's security.
The Law and Justice party leader and Walesa have a long history of feuding.
Kaczynski, 70, and his twin served as aides to Walesa, the founder of the Solidarity pro-democracy movement of the 1980s that led to the peaceful end of communism in Poland, after he was elected president in 1990. They soon had a falling out for reasons that have not been made clear.
The Kaczynski brothers alleged that Walesa had been a communist collaborator codenamed "Bolek," which Walesa denies.
Walesa, 75, is strongly critical of Kaczynski's right-wing party, alleging Law and Justice and its government are a threat to democracy.
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