The Navajo Generating Station has operated for decades in northeastern Arizona near the Utah border, providing a hefty chunk of revenue to the Navajo Nation. Both the Navajo and the neighboring Hopi Tribe benefit from the Kayenta Mine, which feeds the 2,250-megawatt power plant, transporting the coal on a rail line.
Navajo leaders asked the Navajo Transitional Energy Company last year to look into acquiring the power plant and the coal mine as a way to save the revenue and hundreds of jobs held by tribal members. Negotiations with the power plant owners came to a halt recently over who ultimately would be responsible for cleanup.
The owners wanted the energy company to take on any known or unknown liabilities for the plant, but the Navajo Nation declined. With that and a decision Thursday from a Navajo Nation Council committee not to support the acquisition, the energy company called it quits.
SRP expects to award contracts for decommissioning as early as next month.
The news is tough for families who have relied on the jobs for generations, company spokesman Erny Zah said.
"A decade-long process would have definitely helped explore some newer opportunities that would have created economic stability for northeastern Arizona," Zah said. "And, now, we are going to do our best to see what we can do to help."
The Hopi Tribe did not immediately respond to a request for comment Friday.
Environmentalists have urged the Navajo Nation to ditch coal in favor of renewable energy projects. When the plant closes in December, the Navajo Nation will have access to a portion of the transmission lines under the existing lease agreement.
"Everyone else around the Navajo Nation is moving forward," said Percy Deal, who lives near the coal mine at Big Mountain. "We just need to go forward and start rebuilding the community around the mine and the plant. We're looking for recovery, and I'm glad it started today."
The power plant owners cited cheaper prices for natural gas in deciding to close the power plant. An earlier bid by two companies to own and operate the plant fell through because they couldn't get anyone to commit to buying the power.
The Navajo Transitional Energy Company had outlined a plan to operate the power plant for 10 more years, running two of the units and using the third for research of clean coal and other technology, Zah said. It would sell the energy at a price that would be competitive with natural gas and have a lesser tax burden because it's a tribal entity, Zah said.
So far, about 280 Navajo Generating Station employees have accepted new jobs, retired or declined to relocate within the Salt River Project, the power plant's majority owner and operator, SRP spokeswoman Patty Likens said. She said SRP has ensured that all of the plant's employees will have a job if they are willing to be moved and placed in a new role. There are about 265 contractors at the plant, Likens added.
Peabody Energy, which runs the Kayenta Mine, laid off 40 employees in late February and is sending its last shipment of coal to the power plant before the end of September, company spokeswoman Charlene Murdock said. About 300 workers are at the mine.
The Navajo Transitional Energy Company plans to hold a job fair for mine workers later this year, Zah said.
Peabody applauds those who worked to protect the jobs and preserve the energy source "even though these efforts ultimately couldn't prevent premature closure of NGS," Murdock said.
Navajo Nation Council Speaker Seth Damon said alternative energy, tourism and carbon credits can all help with the loss of jobs.
The Navajo Generating Station initially was built to move Colorado River water through a series of canals to Arizona's major metropolitan areas. But the operators of the canal said they, too, could find cheaper energy.
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